Ukrainian prosecutor Roman Petrenko inspects the remains of Russian rockets that fell on the popular Gorky Park in the country's second city Kharkiv.

Petrenko, a prosecutor from the city's Shevchenkivsky district, is wearing a gilet with "War Crimes. Kharkiv" written in large white letters.

A bomb squad member searches for unexploded devices in Gorky Park A bomb squad member searches for unexploded devices in Gorky Park Photo: AFP / Dimitar DILKOFF

Kharkiv's peaceful Gorky Park is full of winding alleys and has a small amusement park, with pavilions and a Ferris wheel. It is reputed to be one of the best parks in Ukraine.

Gorky Park was hit by around 50 shells in three months of war.

Prosecutors took up the case to ensure that the park could be open without the public being at risk and, above all, determine whether the attacks constitute a war crime.

Gorky Park was hit by around 50 shells Gorky Park was hit by around 50 shells Photo: AFP / Sergey BOBOK

Even if there were no victims, "hitting civilian targets, civilian infrastructure, trying to kill civilians and destroy cultural heritage, are considered war crimes", Petrenko said.

"An error can happen once or twice, but there are 56 hits recorded," he said.

"It's not an accident. They were targeting the park."

A fragment of a Russian shell next to a children's carousel A fragment of a Russian shell next to a children's carousel Photo: AFP / Sergey BOBOK

With a team of deminers, assistants, court officials and municipal workers, the prosecutor notes down each crater.

He has the ammunition dug up after an inspection by deminers, then photographs it, writes it down and determines the angle of fire and the origin of the weapon.

The shells also hit a small theatre and a closed restaurant in the park.

The shrapnel even reached and damaged bronze sculptures of children scattered around the park.

A duo of American deminers from the Bomb Techs Without Borders NGO advise their Ukrainian counterparts at the scene.

For John Culp, a retired US soldier, there was no doubt the Russians were targeting the park deliberately.

"We are in Gorky Park... With its paths, its stages etc... We are investigating the fact that many rockets and shells were fired in and near the park."

"There is no military target here. It was done knowingly to cause terror and fear among the civilian population," he said.