Supermassive black holes are said to be “spewing” hot ionized gas that slams into surrounding space debris at a fraction of the speed of light and causing galaxies to re-shape, astronomers said. This phenomenon, labeled as ultra-fast outflow (UFO) is said to be the reason why there are empty and dark regions in the center of most galaxies.

The theory, which was published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics, said that scientists now have actual visual proof of UFOs pushing space materials around at the center of a galaxy. Using their analysis of galaxy PG 1114+445 via the European Space Agency's X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) telescope, astronomers explained that “energy was being transferred from the UFO to other winds near the black hole, pushing that wind to incredible speeds.”

The significance of this discovery is massive because it can finally explain the mystery why supermassive black holes have constant and fast-moving objects found in its center, explaining that “the bigger the supermassive black hole, the faster the inner stars in its host galaxy move.”

The theory also explained that the space activity can’t be explained with gravity alone and that large black holes could spew intense outflows that don’t only shove out gas at very high speeds but could also sweep away nearby stars and while accelerating at higher speeds.

To prove their point, astronomers depicted a UFO alongside two other types of outflows located near the black hole. These were referred as "warm absorbers," which travel slowly and are less ionized and rare "entrained UFOs," which is outflow force caused by UFOs mixing both the warm absorbers and loose matter floating in space.

The entrained UFOs are very rare so it is considered a milestone to spot them together with the other two kinds of outflows using the ESA telescope. The image pretty much gave a significant insight on how UFOs interact with interstellar space.

"The inner UFO carries a very large amount of both momentum and energy. [It] is extremely ionized gas — the iron is stripped of all but one or two of its 26 electrons — and is launched at extremely high speed — [about] 15 percent the speed of light — from the innermost parts of the accretion disk, very close to the supermassive black hole,” said Roberto Serafinelli, astronomer at the Brera Astronomical Observatory in Milan, Italy and author of the study.

Bulgeless Galaxy Hides Black Hole
The galaxy NGC 4395 is shown here in infrared light, captured by NASA Spitzer Space Telescope. This dwarf galaxy is relatively small in comparison with our Milky Way galaxy, which is nearly 1,000 times more massive. NASA/JPL-Caltech