the process of using certain physical and biological principles to maintain and improve the environment and its factors for securing the health and welfare of people.
How Environmental Sanitation Works
Environmental sanitation doesn't involve principles alone. Certain habits and facilities are set in place to ensure a better environment for everyone. It includes important aspects like provision of steady uncontaminated water supply, the proper treatment, and disposal of sewage and human waste, amongst other things. It aims to provide a hygienic environment that won't give room for the transmission of diseases.
Some things governments and agencies do to follow proper environmental sanitation include:
- Proper disposal of human waste prevents it from getting close to living areas or contaminating the water supply.
- Seeking help from sanitation experts to determine what type of facilities will help make the environment hygienic.
- For the disposal of solid wastes, towns can provide garbage cans to the public.
Children must not be allowed to touch any environmental risk, human waste, or garbage. That's because children contract diseases easier than adults do. These children can pass the diseases to adults, thereby promoting the spread of preventable diseases.
Example of Environmental Sanitation
Vector control is one example of environmental sanitation. Vectors are animals or insects that spread disease. A prime example of this is mosquitoes that spread things like West Nile, malaria, and Zika. Government-funded programs will use environmentally conscious tactics to control the mosquito population. Sometimes, they don't even have to take steps to eliminate mosquito populations—they simply have to prevent breeding grounds. In this case, they look for still water sources, like neglected pools, decorative ponds, and flood control basins. Officials also remove dead birds, which can carry West Nile virus.
Significance of Environmental Sanitation
Environmental sanitation is considered essential to society and its people because it stops disease transmission, promotes good hygiene, beautifies the important, keeps your environment clean. Disease-causing organisms, which are called pathogens, can be found in swamps and unclean environments. Viruses and disease-causing microorganisms can exist in a setting for a long time before infecting the people who live there. Cleaning your environment regularly improves hygiene, promoting a healthier environment that is devoid of pathogens and viruses, and of course, keeps you and your loved ones safe.
Even animals don't do well in dirty and unpleasant environments. In other words, environmental sanitation makes your environment a good place to live in. It sets the location as a habitable spot for healthy and productive living. That is because it rids the environment of garbage and viruses, which keeps the environment disease-free and gives you a beautiful environment.
If your environment is clean, it means your home is clean, and the air quality and amount of ventilation that gets into your home are acceptable. The air around a dirty environment is usually unpleasant and polluted and not good enough to breathe. However, if your environment is hygienic, it ensures that the air quality that gets into your home is excellent and pleasant.