Migrants on a boat near Athens, Greece. More than 200,000 migrants and refugees have arrived in the country so far in 2015. Reuters

The recent discovery of 71 dead migrants in Austria and 51 bodies on a ship off the coast of Libya have put the European migrant crisis into stark focus this week. The number of migrants and refugees arriving in Greece and Italy has surpassed 300,000 so far this year and there are no signs of an end to the issue in the near future.

The people arriving in Europe as migrants and refugees are fleeing from war-torn or impoverished countries. The United Nations refugee agency revealed more than 300,000 migrants and refugees have traveled across the Mediterranean Sea to Greece and Italy in 2015. The trek is dangerous and often deadly, with more than 2,500 confirmed deaths and 200 missing or presumed dead. More than 10,000 migrants and refugees arrived in Serbia this week and the Greek-Macedonian border sees hundreds of individuals arrive daily. Last year, 3,500 deaths were reported by the U.N. refugee agency. A detailed look at the numbers of migrants and refugees arriving in Europe can be viewed here.

Migrants In Greece
Migrants from Turkey arrive in Kos, Greece, Aug. 28, 2015. Getty Images

After two boats capsized Thursday while carrying more than 500 refugees and migrants, dozens of bodies were pulled from the waters off the coast of Libya. The migrants and refugees had paid for passage -- one family paid 3,000 euros, or $3,352, for the trip -- on rickety wooden boats and the smugglers fit an unsafe number of people on the vessel, according to survivors who described the harrowing conditions on the boat where many were denied food and water. Hundreds of people were crowded into the hold of the boat where the risk of suffocation was high.

"We had no air so we were trying to get back up through the hatch and to breathe through the cracks in the ceiling. But the other passengers were scared the boat would capsize so they pushed us back down and beat us too," Abdel, a survivor, said to the U.N. refugee agency.

Migrant Crisis 2015
Migrants wait at the Greece-Macedonian border. AFP

Fences and walls have not stemmed the tide of migrants and refugees, and anti-immigration policies have gained traction in countries such as Italy, Greece and Austria.

Migrants In Europe
Migrants travel from Serbia into Hungary via a railroad track that has become a popular route between the two countries. Getty
Migrants And Refugees
Migrants sleep outside a train station in Budapest, Hungary, Aug. 27, 2015. Reuters
Migrants and refugees formed the ESV Neuaubing Sports United soccer team. They are pictured in Munich Aug. 27, 2015. Reuters/Michaela Rehle
Migrants In Hungary
A Syrian migrant is detained by Hungarian police at the Hungary-Serbia border Aug. 28, 2015. Reuters/Bernadett Szabo
Migrants In Germany
After arriving in Germany, migrants are searched at a train station in Rosenheim. Getty Images
Migrants 2015
Migrants wait after arriving in Germany. Getty Images
Migrants and refugees wait at the border of Greece and Macedonia. AFP