The logo of Walmart is seen on shopping trolleys at their store in Sao Paulo, Brazil. REUTERS/Paulo Whitaker

NEW YORK/SAO PAULO - Walmart Inc (WMT.N) said on Monday that it has sold an 80 percent stake in its Brazilian operations to private equity firm Advent International, exiting an underperforming business in its third major international deal since April.

The world’s biggest retailer has been looking to jumpstart its overseas business by retreating from lower-growth markets and investing in places like China and India. Brazil had for a decade been the focus of expansion but the unit stumbled in recent years as operational issues compounded the effects of a deep recession.

Walmart did not disclose the value of the transaction but said it would record a noncash charge of roughly $4.5 billion related to the deal in the second quarter. The retailer will retain the remaining 20 percent stake in Walmart Brazil.

Two people involved in the deal said that charge is close to the value of the Brazilian unit on Walmart’s books, meaning the deal value was close to zero. The sources declined to specify the exact value of the deal.

Walmart is trying to catch up with competitors ranging from grocer Aldi Inc to Amazon.com Inc ( AMZN.O ) in key international markets. The U.S.-based retailer’s underperforming international business made up less than one-quarter of total revenue of $500.3 billion in fiscal 2018.

In an effort to fix its international performance, Walmart in January appointed Chief Operating Officer Judith McKenna to run the international unit and a slew of changes have been made under her leadership.

Walmart recently sold a majority stake in its UK arm ASDA to J Sainsbury Plc ( SBRY.L ) and paid $16 billion for a majority stake in Indian e-commerce firm Flipkart.

Walmart had been looking for buyers for its Brazilian business and sounded out possible investors last year but received no interest from rival retailers, which led the company to seek out buyout firms, according to a source.

Walmart entered Brazil in 1995 and had grown into the country’s third-largest retailer following two major acquisitions in 2004 and 2005 and a period of rapid store expansion that came to a halt in 2013.

It operates 471 stores in Brazil, according to the company’s local website. The Brazilian unit reported revenues of almost 30 billion reais ($9.4 billion) in 2016.

Walmart has posted operating losses in Brazil for seven straight years after the aggressive, decade-long expansion left it with poor locations, inefficient operations, labor troubles and uncompetitive prices.

A source with knowledge of the deal said Walmart’s operations in Brazil had not improved over the last two years, which coincided with the country’s harshest recession in decades.

Walmart’s brand Maxxi has been underperforming the Atacadão SA ( CRFB3.SA ) division of Carrefour SA ( CARR.PA ) and GPA SA ( PCAR4.SA ) unit Assaí.

Reuters had reported in January that Walmart was shopping its Brazilian unit to private equity firm Advent and others.

In March, Reuters reported that in the due diligence process potential buyers had estimated Walmart owes up to $3 billion in back taxes to state governments in Brazil, potentially adding to pressure for a discount sale.

The company’s shares were up 2.5 percent at $85.03 in early trade on Monday.


One of the sources, who requested anonymity because details of the transaction have not all been made public, said Advent is expected to invest mainly in the cash-and-carry business, where big box stores sell groceries and other staples in bulk quantities.

That format has soared in popularity during Brazil’s recent recession, with stores acting as a wholesaler for smaller retailers but also attracting bargain-hunting consumers.

The deal includes a commitment from the buyout firm to invest in the business in coming years, the same source said, giving Walmart potential upside from its remaining 20 percent stake.

“We plan to invest in the business, work with the Walmart Brazil management team, associates, Walmart and our industry advisors to create a more agile and modern company,” Patrice Etlin, a managing partner at Advent International in Brazil said in a statement.

The transaction is subject to regulatory approval, and the retailer expects it to close later this year.

A significant portion of the expected $4.5 billion net loss will be due to foreign currency translation losses, and the final loss could fluctuate significantly due to changes in forex rates up to the closing date, the retailer said.

The retailer said it expects no material impact to earnings per share in the current fiscal year and a slight positive impact next fiscal year.


Reporting by Nandita Bose in New York and Tatiana Bautzer in Sao Paulo; Additional reporting by Gram Slattery in Sao Paulo; Editing by Jonathan Oatis and Meredith Mazzilli