The time of day an individual chooses to exercise and the level of physical activity play an important role in weight loss, a study suggests. In other words, exercise level and consistency determine the effectiveness of a workout.

The study was conducted by a group of researchers from the Brown Alpert Medical School. The researchers tried to find a link between weight loss and the time of exercise. 

The study is published in the obesity journal and it suggests that the time of the day to workout contributes to a successful weight loss.

Obesity and overweight are the two major causes for several health problems faced by the people in the 21st century. Most of the studies associated this topic have suggested that obesity and overweight can increase the risk of many chronic illnesses, including type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that obesity rate has tripled over the last four decades. The international health body further stated that more than 1.9 billion people across the globe are overweight. Among them, 650 million people are obese. Though obesity in a preventable condition, many people from various parts of the world die due to it, WHO stated.

For the study, the researchers observed 375 adults who were involved in several physical activities of moderate to vigorous intensity. All the participants in the research, which is titled Relationship of Consistency in Timing of Exercise Performance and Exercise Levels Among Successful Weight Loss Maintainers, maintained weight loss. So, the researchers asked them to report the frequency of their exercises and the time of the day that they exercised.

At the end of the study, the academics found that those who exercised in the morning experienced significant weight loss. They also found a link between different levels of physical activity and consistent exercise.

The researchers said higher physical activity levels were associated with consistent exercise regardless of the time of the day an individual exercised.

“Our findings warrant future experimental research to determine whether promoting consistency in the time of day that planned and structured physical activity is performed can help individuals achieve and sustain higher levels of physical activity,” lead researcher Dale Bond said in a statement.

“It will also be important to determine whether there is a specific time of day that is more advantageous for individuals who have initial low physical activity levels to develop a physical activity habit,” first author Leah Schumacher added.