Taba, Egypt
People and security officials walk and look as smoke rises from a tourist bus in the Red Sea resort town of Taba in the south Sinai, February 16, 2014. An explosion on a tourist bus in Egypt's Sinai peninsula killed three Koreans and the Egyptian driver on Sunday, the Interior Ministry said, an apparent turning point in an Islamist insurgency that has gained pace since an army takeover in July. Reuters

As 33 South Koreans set out to tour the Greek Orthodox Monastery of St. Catherine in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula on Sunday, little did they know that they would fall victim to an attack whose perpetrators likely ignored a direct command that the Prophet Muhammad issued in 628 A.D., an order that protected the rights of Christians at the monastery.

Greek orthodox
St Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai, in this file photo from 2001, stands surrounded by the steep cliffs under the blazing desert sun in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. The Greek Orthodox monastery, which is believed to stand on the spot where the prophet Moses received the Ten Commandments, and the surrounding area has been added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage sites. Reuters

Known as the Covenant of the Prophet Muhammad with the Monks of Mount Sinai, the charter, kept in the monastery and sealed with an imprint representing the Prophet’s hand, condemned any violence against Christians traveling to or living in the monastery. A blast on Sunday that may have been the work of Sinai-based Muslim radicals killed three and wounded 14 South Koreans. A bomb ripped through their tour bus near a border crossing between Egypt and Israel. No group has claimed responsibility, but officials believe it is likely the work of one of the Islamist terrorist organizations that operate in the Sinai Desert.

If that is the case, the attacks' perpetrators violated an edict from the Prophet.

“If a monk or pilgrim seeks protection, in mountain or valley, in a cave or in tilled fields, in the plain, in the desert, or in a church, I am behind them, defending them from every enemy,” the charter from the seventh century reads. “I, my helpers, all the members of my religion, and all my followers, for they [the monks and the pilgrims] are my protégés and my subjects.”

The charter condemned attacks on Christians and stated that “if anyone breaks the covenant herein proclaimed, or contravenes or transgresses its commands, he has broken the Covenant of Allah, breaks his bond, makes a mockery of his religion, and deserves the curse, whether he is a sultan or another among the believing Muslims.”

This would not be the first time Islamists have attacked tourists in the Sinai Desert. Ever since Egypt was thrown into political turmoil three years ago with the fall of President Hosni Mubarak, Sinai has become a lawless region, giving Islamists an opening to fill the security vacuum.

While attacks have increased in the last couple of years, the Sinai Desert experienced major terrorist attacks even with Mubarak in power. The last major incident on the peninsula involving tourists occurred in the laid-back beach town of Dahab in 2006, when a bomb killed 23 people. Another bomb in 2005 killed 88 others about an hour away from Dahab in Sharm El-Sheikh, and a blast in 2004 took 34 lives in Taba, the site of Sunday’s attack.