Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump states that he believes U.S. President Barack Obama was born in the United States at a campaign event at the Trump International Hotel in Washington, D.C., U.S., Sept. 16, 2016. Reuters/Mike Segar

As of Tuesday, we're now about 49 days away from Nov. 8. The presidential election is almost certainly coming down to a choice between Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, who has turned the entire election process upside down with his unprecedented embrace of harsh rhetoric against nearly every voting demographic other than white men. With that in mind, here are 49 controversial things Trump has said. Consider this both a refresher for election-wary citizens and for anyone who has lived underground for the past year or so.

All of these quotes are entirely real things said by Trump on the campaign trail (collected from old Newsday, Vox, PBS, am New York and past International Business Times articles.)

1. Kicking off his campaign talking about Mexican immigrants:

"When Mexico sends its people, they're not sending their best. They're not sending you. They're not sending you. They're sending people that have lots of problems, and they're bringing those problems with us. They're bringing drugs. They're bringing crime. They're rapists. And some, I assume, are good people."

2. A debunked claim about Muslims on 9/11:

"I watched when the World Trade Center came tumbling down. And I watched in Jersey City, New Jersey, where thousands and thousands of people were cheering as that building was coming down. Thousands of people were cheering."

3. On shooting someone:

"You know what else they say about my people? The polls, they say I have the most loyal people. Did you ever see that? Where I could stand in the middle of Fifth Avenue and shoot somebody and I wouldn’t lose any voters, okay? It’s like incredible."

4. On Fox News anchor and debate moderator Megyn Kelly:

"You could see there was blood coming out of her eyes. Blood coming out of her — wherever."

5. On Republican primary opponent Carly Fiorina:

"Look at that face. Would anybody vote for that? Can you imagine that, the face of our next president? I mean, she's a woman, and I'm not s'posedta say bad things, but really, folks, come on. Are we serious?"

6. A written statement from the campaign calling for the U.S. to ban Muslims from entering the country:

"Donald J. Trump is calling for a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until our country's representatives can figure out what is going on. According to Pew Research, among others, there is great hatred towards Americans by large segments of the Muslim population."

7. On waterboarding, which many consider torture:

"I would bring back waterboarding and I'd bring back a hell of a lot worse than waterboarding."

8. On Islam, in an interview with CNN's Anderson Cooper:

"I think Islam hates us ... There's a tremendous hatred."

9. On Clinton playing the "woman card":

"She's playing that card like I've never seen anyone play it before."

10. On a protester:

"Maybe he should have been roughed up, because it was absolutely disgusting what he was doing."

11. On a National Enquirer conspiracy theory that linked the father of GOP primary rival Ted Cruz and the killer of President John F. Kennedy:

"His father was with Lee Harvey Oswald prior to Oswald's being — you know, shot. I mean, the whole thing is ridiculous... What is this, right prior to his being shot, and nobody even brings it up. They don't even talk about that. That was reported, and nobody talks about it."

12. On Clinton taking a bathroom break during a debate:

"It's too disgusting. Don't say it, it's disgusting."

13. A tweet in response to the mass shooting in Orlando that killed 49 people:

"Appreciate the congrats for being right on radical Islamic terrorism, I don't want congrats, I want toughness & vigilance. We must be smart!"

14. After seeing the Democratic National convention, which featured the Muslim parents of U.S. soldier who died in 2004 serving with the U.S. Army in Iraq:

"I saw him. He was, you know, very emotional. And probably looked like — a nice guy to me. His wife, if you look at his wife, she was standing there. She had nothing to say. She probably — maybe she wasn't allowed to have anything to say."

15. In response to a challenge from Khizr Khan, father of the fallen soldier, who said Trump has sacrificed nothing:

"I think I've made a lot of sacrifices. I work very, very hard. I've created thousands and thousands of jobs, tens of thousands of jobs, built great structures. I've had tremendous success. I think I've done a lot."

16. On the election's fairness:

"I'm afraid the election is going to be rigged, I have to be honest."

17. On Cruz's wife:

"Lyin' Ted Cruz just used a picture of Melania from a shoot in his ad. Be careful, Lyin' Ted, or I will spill the beans on your wife!"

18. A tweet about the Wall Street Journal:

"They better be careful or I will unleash big time on them"

19. A tweet about the New York Times:

"My lawyers want to sue the failing @nytimes so badly for irresponsible intent. I said no (for now), but they are watching. Really disgusting"

20. During a debate in response to a question about him calling women, "fat pigs, dogs, slobs, and disgusting animals":

"Only Rosie O'Donnell."

21. On America's lack of greatness:

"Our country is in serious trouble. We don’t win anymore… We can’t beat Mexico, at the border or in trade. We can’t do anything right."

22. On Clinton's armed guards:

"I think that her bodyguards should drop all weapons…I think they should disarm immediately. What do you think, yes? Take their guns away — she doesn't want guns…Let's see what happens to her ... Take their guns away, okay? It'll be very dangerous."

23. A comment that many believed suggested an assassination attempt on Clinton:

"Hillary wants to abolish — essentially abolish the Second Amendment. By the way, if she gets to pick, if she gets to pick her judges, nothing you can do, folks. Although the Second Amendment people, maybe there is, I don't know."

24. On John McCain, who spent more than five years in awful conditions, and was tortured, as a prisoner of war while serving in the Vietnam War:

"He’s not a war hero... He was a war hero because he was captured. I like people who weren’t captured."

35. To NBC reporter Katy Tur:

"She’s back there, little Katy... a third-rate reporter."

36. To Russian hackers, about Clinton's emails as secretary of state:

"Russia, if you're listening, I hope you're able to find the 30,000 emails that are missing."

37. To his supporters about protesters at a rally:

"If you see somebody with a tomato, knock the crap out of them."

38. On Russian President Vladimir Putin, after MSNBC's Joe Scarborough said the Russia leader "kills journalists, political opponents and invades countries":

"He's running his country, and at least he's a leader, unlike what we have in this country."

39. About a person attending a rally:

"Look at my African-American over here."

40. On ending his birtherism after years of claims President Barack Obama was not born in the U.S.:

"President Barack Obama was born in the United States. Period."

41. On Obama and the so-called Islamic State group, also called ISIS:

"He is the founder of ISIS."

42. On Clinton and ISIS:

"And, I would say the co-founder would be crooked Hillary Clinton."

43. On hand size (and innuendo at something else):

"Look at these hands. ... I guarantee you there is no problem."

44. A tweet about the Chicago shooting-death of the cousin of NBA player Dwayne Wade​:

"Dwyane Wade's cousin was just shot and killed walking her baby in Chicago. Just what I have been saying. African-Americans will VOTE TRUMP!"

45. On former presidential candidate Mitt Romney, who has spoken out against Trump but once sought his endorsement:

"You can see how loyal he is. He was begging for my endorsement. I could have said, 'Mitt, drop to your knees.' He would have dropped to his knees."

46. Talking about a reporter with a disability, while making a motion many thought was mocking the man:

"You oughta see this guy, 'Uh, I don't know what I said, uh, I don't remember.'"

47. On his daughter Ivanka in a Rolling Stone profile:

"Yeah, she's really something, and what a beauty, that one. If I weren't happily married and, ya know, her father . . . "

48. On Ford's plans to build a factory in Mexico:

"They're going to build a plant and illegals are going drive those cars right over the border ... And they'll probably end up stealing the cars,"

49. On his sources for a claim that a man who stormed his stage was tied to ISIS:

"Now, I don't know. What do I know about it? All I know is what's on the Internet."