Carnival is a festive event held before the Christian observance of Lent, a forty-day period of prayer and fasting before the celebration of Easter. It is commonly held in countries with sizable Catholic populations, and is celebrated with costumes, parades and feasts. The word Carnival, roughly translated from Latin, means farewell to meat or farewell to flesh. It is a term that connotes both the coming period of solemnity and restraint as well as a sort of celebratory liberation from the body and everyday life.